Diploma in HIV/AIDS Care and Counselling
Blackford Centre for HIV/AIDS
The 6 HIV/AIDS care and counselling course modules
1. What is HIV/AIDS and how does it work?
- History of HIV and Aids in Southern Africa.
- Current situation.
- HIV in pregnant women
- HIV and the immune system
- How HIV is transmitted. Misconceptions and myths.
- Symptoms and diseases (including TB and STIs) relating to HIV/Aids
- How to test for and diagnose HIV and Aids. Test kits.
- How to manage HIV infection
- What are retrovirals, and how do they work?
2. How to reduce the spread of HIV/Aids. How to empower people.
- Encouraging people to change their behaviour. How to empower people. Multiple partners, casual partners. Contraception. Condoms.
- How to educate adults. Barriers and opportunities. Where and how.
- How to practise safer sex. Practices likely to increase infection.
- Educating children and young people about sexuality
- Understanding sexual and cultural diversity. LGBT.
3. How to counsel people with HIV/AIDS
- Counselling principles and skills. Self awareness.
- Pre- and post-HIV test counselling
- Stigma and overcoming it.
- Spiritual and bereavement counselling
4. Care and Support
- Home-based care
- Support for orphans and other vulnerable children
- Infection control
- Positive living
- Care for the caregiver
5. Legal, Ethical and Human rights issues
- Legal, ethical and management issues in hospitals, the workplace and schools
- Confidentiality, informed consent and disclosure
- Stress and burnout. Self care.
6. Understanding death, bereavement and grief
- Attitudes towards dying and death. Loss and grief in life.
- People’s range of emotions following a death.
- Symptoms of grief. Physical effects of grief.
- Stages of grief. Kubler–Ross.
- Other grief models.
- The Loss Cycle
- Anticipatory grief.
- Grief resolution.
- Unresolved grief.
- How different cultures view grief.
- Common myths about grief and the grieving process.
- Complicated feelings. Being conflicted.
- From grief to depression: symptoms.
- Emotions that emerge after death.
- Delay in the grieving process caused by practical issues.
7. End of course action
- Action to take
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