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The 6 HIV/AIDS care and counselling course modules

1. What is HIV/AIDS and how does it work?

  • History of HIV and Aids in Southern Africa.
  • Current situation.
  • HIV in pregnant women
  • HIV and the immune system
  • How HIV is transmitted. Misconceptions and myths.
  • Symptoms and diseases (including TB and STIs) relating to HIV/Aids
  • How to test for and diagnose HIV and Aids. Test kits.
  • How to manage HIV infection
  • What are retrovirals, and how do they work?

2. How to reduce the spread of HIV/Aids. How to empower people.

  • Encouraging people to change their behaviour. How to empower people. Multiple partners, casual partners. Contraception. Condoms.
  • How to educate adults. Barriers and opportunities. Where and how.
  • How to practise safer sex. Practices likely to increase infection.
  • Educating children and young people about sexuality
  • Understanding sexual and cultural diversity. LGBT.

3. How to counsel people with HIV/AIDS

  • Counselling principles and skills. Self awareness.
  • Pre- and post-HIV test counselling
  • Stigma and overcoming it.
  • Spiritual and bereavement counselling

4. Care and Support

  • Home-based care
  • Support for orphans and other vulnerable children
  • Infection control
  • Positive living
  • Care for the caregiver

5. Legal, Ethical and Human rights issues

  • Legal, ethical and management issues in hospitals, the workplace and schools
  • Confidentiality, informed consent and disclosure
  • Stress and burnout. Self care.
  • Supervision

6. Understanding death, bereavement and grief

  • Attitudes towards dying and death. Loss and grief in life.
  • People’s range of emotions following a death. 
  • Symptoms of grief. Physical effects of grief.
  • Stages of grief. Kubler–Ross.
  • Other grief models.
  • The Loss Cycle
  • Anticipatory grief.
  • Grief resolution.
  • Unresolved grief.
  • How different cultures view grief.
  • Common myths about grief and the grieving process.
  • Complicated feelings. Being conflicted.
  • From grief to depression: symptoms.
  • Emotions that emerge after death.
  • Delay in the grieving process caused by practical issues.

7. End of course action

  • Action to take